Search

Chapter 4. Ansible IPMI modules in RHEL

download PDF

4.1. The rhel_mgmt collection

The Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a specification for a set of standard protocols to communicate with baseboard management controller (BMC) devices. The IPMI modules allow you to enable and support hardware management automation. The IPMI modules are available in:

  • The rhel_mgmt Collection. The package name is ansible-collection-redhat-rhel_mgmt.
  • The RHEL 8 AppStream, as part of the new ansible-collection-redhat-rhel_mgmt package.

The following IPMI modules are available in the rhel_mgmt collection:

  • ipmi_boot: Management of boot device order
  • ipmi_power: Power management for machine

The mandatory parameters used for the IPMI Modules are:

  • ipmi_boot parameters:
Module nameDescription

name

Hostname or ip address of the BMC

password

Password to connect to the BMC

bootdev

Device to be used on next boot

* network

* floppy

* hd

* safe

* optical

* setup

* default

User

Username to connect to the BMC

  • ipmi_power parameters:
Module nameDescription

name

BMC Hostname or IP address

password

Password to connect to the BMC

user

Username to connect to the BMC

State

Check if the machine is on the desired status

* on

* off

* shutdown

* reset

* boot

4.2. Using the ipmi_boot module

The following example shows how to use the ipmi_boot module in a playbook to set a boot device for the next boot. For simplicity, the examples use the same host as the Ansible control host and managed host, thus executing the modules on the same host where the playbook is executed.

Prerequisites

  • You have prepared the control node and the managed nodes.
  • You are logged in to the control node as a user who can run playbooks on the managed nodes.
  • The account you use to connect to the managed nodes has sudo permissions on them.
  • The ansible-collection-redhat-rhel_mgmt package is installed.
  • The python3-pyghmi package is installed either on the control node or the managed nodes.
  • The IPMI BMC that you want to control is accessible over network from the control node or the managed host (if not using localhost as the managed host). Note that the host whose BMC is being configured by the module is generally different from the managed host, as the module contacts the BMC over the network using the IPMI protocol.
  • You have credentials to access BMC with an appropriate level of access.

Procedure

  1. Create a playbook file, for example ~/playbook.yml, with the following content:

    ---
    - name: Set boot device to be used on next boot
      hosts: managed-node-01.example.com
      tasks:
        - name: Ensure boot device is HD
          redhat.rhel_mgmt.ipmi_boot:
            user: <admin_user>
            password: <password>
            bootdev: hd
  2. Validate the playbook syntax:

    $ ansible-playbook --syntax-check ~/playbook.yml

    Note that this command only validates the syntax and does not protect against a wrong but valid configuration.

  3. Run the playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook ~/playbook.yml

Verification

  • When you run the playbook, Ansible returns success.

Additional resources

  • /usr/share/ansible/collections/ansible_collections/redhat/rhel_mgmt/README.md file

4.3. Using the ipmi_power module

This example shows how to use the ipmi_boot module in a playbook to check if the system is turned on. For simplicity, the examples use the same host as the Ansible control host and managed host, thus executing the modules on the same host where the playbook is executed.

Prerequisites

  • You have prepared the control node and the managed nodes.
  • You are logged in to the control node as a user who can run playbooks on the managed nodes.
  • The account you use to connect to the managed nodes has sudo permissions on them.
  • The ansible-collection-redhat-rhel_mgmt package is installed.
  • The python3-pyghmi package is installed either on the control node or the managed nodes.
  • The IPMI BMC that you want to control is accessible over network from the control node or the managed host (if not using localhost as the managed host). Note that the host whose BMC is being configured by the module is generally different from the managed host, as the module contacts the BMC over the network using the IPMI protocol.
  • You have credentials to access BMC with an appropriate level of access.

Procedure

  1. Create a playbook file, for example ~/playbook.yml, with the following content:

    ---
    - name: Power management
      hosts: managed-node-01.example.com
      tasks:
        - name: Ensure machine is powered on
          redhat.rhel_mgmt.ipmi_power:
            user: <admin_user>
            password: <password>
            state: on
  2. Validate the playbook syntax:

    $ ansible-playbook --syntax-check ~/playbook.yml

    Note that this command only validates the syntax and does not protect against a wrong but valid configuration.

  3. Run the playbook:

    $ ansible-playbook ~/playbook.yml

Verification

  • When you run the playbook, Ansible returns true.

Additional resources

  • /usr/share/ansible/collections/ansible_collections/redhat/rhel_mgmt/README.md file
Red Hat logoGithubRedditYoutubeTwitter

Learn

Try, buy, & sell

Communities

About Red Hat Documentation

We help Red Hat users innovate and achieve their goals with our products and services with content they can trust.

Making open source more inclusive

Red Hat is committed to replacing problematic language in our code, documentation, and web properties. For more details, see the Red Hat Blog.

About Red Hat

We deliver hardened solutions that make it easier for enterprises to work across platforms and environments, from the core datacenter to the network edge.

© 2024 Red Hat, Inc.