Chapter 2. Getting started

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2.1. AMQ Streams distribution

AMQ Streams is distributed as single ZIP file. This ZIP file contains AMQ Streams components:

2.2. Downloading an AMQ Streams Archive

An archived distribution of AMQ Streams is available for download from the Red Hat website. You can download a copy of the distribution by following the steps below.


  • Download the latest version of the Red Hat AMQ Streams archive from the Customer Portal.

2.3. Installing AMQ Streams

Follow this procedure to install the latest version of AMQ Streams on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

For instructions on upgrading an existing cluster to AMQ Streams 1.5, see AMQ Streams and Kafka upgrades.


  1. Add new kafka user and group.

    sudo groupadd kafka
    sudo useradd -g kafka kafka
    sudo passwd kafka
  2. Create directory /opt/kafka.

    sudo mkdir /opt/kafka
  3. Create a temporary directory and extract the contents of the AMQ Streams ZIP file.

    mkdir /tmp/kafka
    unzip -d /tmp/kafka
  4. Move the extracted contents into /opt/kafka directory and delete the temporary directory.

    sudo mv /tmp/kafka/kafka_y.y-x.x.x/* /opt/kafka/
    rm -r /tmp/kafka
  5. Change the ownership of the /opt/kafka directory to the kafka user.

    sudo chown -R kafka:kafka /opt/kafka
  6. Create directory /var/lib/zookeeper for storing ZooKeeper data and set its ownership to the kafka user.

    sudo mkdir /var/lib/zookeeper
    sudo chown -R kafka:kafka /var/lib/zookeeper
  7. Create directory /var/lib/kafka for storing Kafka data and set its ownership to the kafka user.

    sudo mkdir /var/lib/kafka
    sudo chown -R kafka:kafka /var/lib/kafka

2.4. Data storage considerations

An efficient data storage infrastructure is essential to the optimal performance of AMQ Streams.

AMQ Streams requires block storage and works well with cloud-based block storage solutions, such as Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS). The use of file storage is not recommended.

Choose local storage when possible. If local storage is not available, you can use a Storage Area Network (SAN) accessed by a protocol such as Fibre Channel or iSCSI.

2.4.1. Apache Kafka and ZooKeeper storage support

Use separate disks for Apache Kafka and ZooKeeper.

Kafka supports JBOD (Just a Bunch of Disks) storage, a data storage configuration of multiple disks or volumes. JBOD provides increased data storage for Kafka brokers. It can also improve performance.

Solid-state drives (SSDs), though not essential, can improve the performance of Kafka in large clusters where data is sent to and received from multiple topics asynchronously. SSDs are particularly effective with ZooKeeper, which requires fast, low latency data access.


You do not need to provision replicated storage because Kafka and ZooKeeper both have built-in data replication.

2.4.2. File systems

It is recommended that you configure your storage system to use the XFS file system. AMQ Streams is also compatible with the ext4 file system, but this might require additional configuration for best results.

Additional resources

2.5. Running a single node AMQ Streams cluster

This procedure shows how to run a basic AMQ Streams cluster consisting of single ZooKeeper and single Apache Kafka node both running on the same host. The default configuration files are used for ZooKeeper and Kafka.


A single node AMQ Streams cluster does not provide reliability and high availability and is suitable only for development purposes.


  • AMQ Streams is installed on the host

Running the cluster

  1. Edit the ZooKeeper configuration file /opt/kafka/config/ Set the dataDir option to /var/lib/zookeeper/.

  2. Start ZooKeeper.

    su - kafka
    /opt/kafka/bin/ -daemon /opt/kafka/config/
  3. Make sure that Apache ZooKeeper is running.

    jcmd | grep zookeeper


    number org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum.QuorumPeerMain config/
  4. Edit the Kafka configuration file /opt/kafka/config/ Set the log.dirs option to /var/lib/kafka/.

  5. Start Kafka.

    su - kafka
    /opt/kafka/bin/ -daemon /opt/kafka/config/
  6. Make sure that Kafka is running.

    jcmd | grep kafka


    number kafka.Kafka config/

Additional resources

2.6. Using the cluster

This procedure shows how to start the Kafka producer and consumer to send and receive messages.


  • AMQ Streams is installed on the host
  • ZooKeeper and Kafka are up and running

A topic is created automatically in this procedure. Alternatively, you can configure and create topics before using the cluster. For more information on creating and managing topics, see Topics.


  1. Start the Kafka console producer.

    /opt/kafka/bin/ --broker-list <bootstrap-address> --topic <topic-name>

    For example:

    /opt/kafka/bin/ --broker-list localhost:9092 --topic my-topic
  2. Type your message into the console where the producer is running.
  3. Press Enter to send.

    When Kafka creates a new topic automatically, you might receive warning messages to say the topic does not exist:

    WARN Error while fetching metadata with correlation id 39 :
    {4-3-16-topic1=LEADER_NOT_AVAILABLE} (org.apache.kafka.clients.NetworkClient)
    WARN [Producer clientId=console-producer] Error while fetching metadata with correlation id 4 :
    {my-topic=LEADER_NOT_AVAILABLE} (org.apache.kafka.clients.NetworkClient)

    The warning messages should not reappear after you start sending messages to the new topic.

    The auto.create.topics.enable configuration property enables the automatic creation of topics.

  4. Start the message receiver.

    /opt/kafka/bin/ --bootstrap-server <bootstrap-address> --topic <topic-name> --from-beginning

    For example:

    /opt/kafka/bin/ --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --topic my-topic --from-beginning
  5. Confirm that you see the incoming messages in the consumer console.
  6. Press Crtl+C to exit the Kafka console producer and consumer.

2.7. Stopping the AMQ Streams services

You can stop the Kafka and ZooKeeper services by running a script. All connections to the Kafka and ZooKeeper services will be terminated.


  • AMQ Streams is installed on the host
  • ZooKeeper and Kafka are up and running


  1. Stop the Kafka broker.

    su - kafka
  2. Confirm that the Kafka broker is stopped.

    jcmd | grep kafka
  3. Stop ZooKeeper.

    su - kafka

2.8. Configuring AMQ Streams


  • AMQ Streams is downloaded and installed on the host


  1. Open ZooKeeper and Kafka broker configuration files in a text editor. The configuration files are located at :

  2. Edit the configuration options. The configuration files are in the Java properties format. Every configuration option should be on separate line in the following format:

    <option> = <value>

    Lines starting with # or ! will be treated as comments and will be ignored by AMQ Streams components.

    # This is a comment

    Values can be split into multiple lines by using \ directly before the newline / carriage return. required \
        username="bob" \
  3. Save the changes
  4. Restart the ZooKeeper or Kafka broker
  5. Repeat this procedure on all the nodes of the cluster.
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