1.2.2. Creating a New Repository

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A Subversion repository is a central place to store files and directories that are under revision control, as well as additional data such as a complete history of changes or information about who made those changes and when. A typical Subversion repository stores multiple projects in separate subdirectories. When publicly accessible, it allows several developers to create a working copy of any of the subdirectories, make changes, and share these changes with others by committing them back to the repository.

Initializing an Empty Repository

To create a new, empty Subversion repository in a directory of your choice, run the following command:
svnadmin create path
Note that path is an absolute or relative path to the directory in which you want to store the repository (for example, /var/svn/). If the directory does not exist, svnadmin create creates it for you.

Example 1.4. Initializing a new Subversion repository

To create an empty Subversion repository in the ~/svn/ directory, type:
~]$ svnadmin create svn

Importing Data to a Repository

To put an existing project under revision control, run the following command:
svn import local_path svn_repository/remote_path [-m "commit message"]
Note that local_path is an absolute or relative path to the directory in which you keep the project (use . for the current working directory), svn_repository is a URL of the Subversion repository, and remote_path is the target directory in the Subversion repository (for example, project/trunk).

Example 1.5. Importing a project to a Subversion repository

Imagine that the directory with your project has the following contents:
~]$ ls myproject
Also imagine that you have an empty Subversion repository in ~/svn/ (in this example, /home/john/svn/). To import the project under project/trunk in this repository, type:
~]$ svn import myproject file:///home/john/svn/project/trunk -m "Initial import."
Adding         project/AUTHORS
Adding         project/doc
Adding         project/doc/index.html
Adding         project/INSTALL
Adding         project/src
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