Chapter 3. Installing Satellite Server

download PDF

When you install Satellite Server from a connected network, you can obtain packages and receive updates directly from the Red Hat Content Delivery Network.


You cannot register Satellite Server to itself.

Use the following procedures to install Satellite Server, perform the initial configuration, and import subscription manifests. For more information on subscription manifests, see Managing Red Hat Subscriptions in Managing content.

Note that the Satellite installation script is based on Puppet, which means that if you run the installation script more than once, it might overwrite any manual configuration changes. ⁠ To avoid this and determine which future changes apply, use the --noop argument when you run the installation script. This argument ensures that no actual changes are made. Potential changes are written to /var/log/foreman-installer/satellite.log.

Files are always backed up and so you can revert any unwanted changes. For example, in the foreman-installer logs, you can see an entry similar to the following about Filebucket:

/Stage[main]/Dhcp/File[/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf]: Filebucketed /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf to puppet with sum 622d9820b8e764ab124367c68f5fa3a1

You can restore the previous file as follows:

# puppet filebucket -l \
restore /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf 622d9820b8e764ab124367c68f5fa3a1

3.1. Configuring the HTTP proxy to connect to Red Hat CDN


Your network gateway and the HTTP proxy must allow access to the following hosts:

Host namePortProtocol







HTTPS (if using Red Hat Insights)


HTTPS (if using Red Hat Insights)


HTTPS (if using Red Hat Insights)



Satellite Server uses SSL to communicate with the Red Hat CDN securely. An SSL interception proxy interferes with this communication. These hosts must be allowlisted on your HTTP proxy.

For a list of IP addresses used by the Red Hat CDN (, see the Knowledgebase article Public CIDR Lists for Red Hat on the Red Hat Customer Portal.

To configure the Subscription Manager with the HTTP proxy, follow the procedure below.


  1. On Satellite Server, complete the following details in the /etc/rhsm/rhsm.conf file:

    # an http proxy server to use (enter server FQDN)
    proxy_hostname =
    # port for http proxy server
    proxy_port = 8080
    # user name for authenticating to an http proxy, if needed
    proxy_user =
    # password for basic http proxy auth, if needed
    proxy_password =

3.2. Registering to Red Hat Subscription Management

Registering the host to Red Hat Subscription Management enables the host to subscribe to and consume content for any subscriptions available to the user. This includes content such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Red Hat Satellite.


  • Register your system with the Red Hat Content Delivery Network, entering your Customer Portal user name and password when prompted:

    # subscription-manager register

    The command displays output similar to the following:

    # subscription-manager register
    Username: user_name
    The system has been registered with ID: 541084ff2-44cab-4eb1-9fa1-7683431bcf9a

3.3. Attaching the Satellite Infrastructure subscription


Skip this step if you have SCA enabled on Red Hat Customer Portal. There is no requirement of attaching the Red Hat Satellite Infrastructure Subscription to the Satellite Server using subscription-manager. For more information about SCA, see Simple Content Access.

After you have registered Satellite Server, you must identify your subscription Pool ID and attach an available subscription. The Red Hat Satellite Infrastructure subscription provides access to the Red Hat Satellite and Red Hat Enterprise Linux content.

Red Hat Satellite Infrastructure is included with all subscriptions that include Satellite, formerly known as Smart Management. For more information, see Satellite Infrastructure Subscriptions MCT3718 MCT3719 in the Red Hat Knowledgebase.

Subscriptions are classified as available if they are not already attached to a system. If you are unable to find an available Satellite subscription, see the Red Hat Knowledgebase solution How do I figure out which subscriptions have been consumed by clients registered under Red Hat Subscription Manager? to run a script to see if another system is consuming your subscription.


  1. Identify the Pool ID of the Satellite Infrastructure subscription:

    # subscription-manager list --all --available --matches 'Red Hat Satellite Infrastructure Subscription'

    The command displays output similar to the following:

    Subscription Name:   Red Hat Satellite Infrastructure Subscription
    Provides:            Red Hat Satellite
                         Red Hat Software Collections (for RHEL Server)
                         Red Hat CodeReady Linux Builder for x86_64
                         Red Hat Satellite Capsule
                         Red Hat Ansible Engine
                         Red Hat Satellite with Embedded Oracle
                         Red Hat Satellite 5 Managed DB
                         Red Hat Enterprise Linux Load Balancer (for RHEL Server)
                         Red Hat Beta
                         Red Hat Software Collections Beta (for RHEL Server)
                         Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server
                         Red Hat Enterprise Linux for x86_64
                         Red Hat Satellite Proxy
                         Red Hat Enterprise Linux High Availability for x86_64
                         Red Hat Discovery
    SKU:                 MCT3718
    Pool ID:             8aca43dd771bf31101771c0231f906a5
    Provides Management: Yes
    Available:           10
    Suggested:           1
    Service Type:        L1-L3
    Service Level:       Premium
    Subscription Type:   Standard
    Starts:              11/11/2020
    Ends:                11/11/2023
    Entitlement Type:    Physical
  2. Make a note of the subscription Pool ID. Your subscription Pool ID is different from the example provided.
  3. Attach the Satellite Infrastructure subscription to the base operating system that your Satellite Server is running on. If SCA is enabled on Satellite Server, you can skip this step:

    # subscription-manager attach --pool=pool_id

    The command displays output similar to the following:

    Successfully attached a subscription for: Red Hat Satellite Infrastructure Subscription
  4. Optional: Verify that the Satellite Infrastructure subscription is attached:

    # subscription-manager list --consumed

3.4. Configuring repositories

Use these procedures to enable the repositories required to install Satellite Server.

  1. Disable all repositories:

    # subscription-manager repos --disable "*"
  2. Enable the following repositories:

    # subscription-manager repos --enable=rhel-8-for-x86_64-baseos-rpms \
    --enable=rhel-8-for-x86_64-appstream-rpms \
    --enable=satellite-6.15-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms \
  3. Enable the DNF modules:

    # dnf module enable satellite:el8

    If there is any warning about conflicts with Ruby or PostgreSQL while enabling satellite:el8 module, see Appendix A, Troubleshooting DNF modules. For more information about modules and lifecycle streams on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8, see Red Hat Enterprise Linux Application Streams Lifecycle.

3.5. Optional: Using fapolicyd on Satellite Server

By enabling fapolicyd on your Satellite Server, you can provide an additional layer of security by monitoring and controlling access to files and directories. The fapolicyd daemon uses the RPM database as a repository of trusted binaries and scripts.

You can turn on or off the fapolicyd on your Satellite Server or Capsule Server at any point.

3.5.1. Installing fapolicyd on Satellite Server

You can install fapolicyd along with Satellite Server or can be installed on an existing Satellite Server. If you are installing fapolicyd along with the new Satellite Server, the installation process will detect the fapolicyd in your Red Hat Enterprise Linux host and deploy the Satellite Server rules automatically.


  • Ensure your host has access to the BaseOS repositories of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.


  1. Install fapolicyd:

    # dnf install fapolicyd
  2. Start the fapolicyd service:

    # systemctl enable --now fapolicyd


  • Verify that the fapolicyd service is running correctly:

    # systemctl status fapolicyd

New Satellite Server or Capsule Server installations

In case of new Satellite Server or Capsule Server installation, follow the standard installation procedures after installing and enabling fapolicyd on your Red Hat Enterprise Linux host.

Additional resources

For more information on fapolicyd, see Blocking and allowing applications using fapolicyd in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Security hardening.

3.6. Installing Satellite Server packages


  1. Update all packages:

    # dnf update
  2. Install Satellite Server packages:

    # dnf install satellite

3.7. Synchronizing the system clock with chronyd

To minimize the effects of time drift, you must synchronize the system clock on the base operating system on which you want to install Satellite Server with Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers. If the base operating system clock is configured incorrectly, certificate verification might fail.

For more information about the chrony suite, see Using the Chrony suite to configure NTP in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Configuring basic system settings.


  1. Install the chrony package:

    # dnf install chrony
  2. Start and enable the chronyd service:

    # systemctl enable --now chronyd

3.8. Installing the sos package on the base operating system

Install the sos package on the base operating system so that you can collect configuration and diagnostic information from a Red Hat Enterprise Linux system. You can also use it to provide the initial system analysis, which is required when opening a service request with Red Hat Technical Support. For more information on using sos, see the Knowledgebase solution What is a sosreport and how to create one in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.6 and later? on the Red Hat Customer Portal.


  • Install the sos package:

    # satellite-maintain packages install sos

3.9. Configuring Satellite Server

Install Satellite Server using the satellite-installer installation script.

This method is performed by running the installation script with one or more command options. The command options override the corresponding default initial configuration options and are recorded in the Satellite answer file. You can run the script as often as needed to configure any necessary options.

3.9.1. Configuring Satellite installation

This initial configuration procedure creates an organization, location, user name, and password. After the initial configuration, you can create additional organizations and locations if required. The initial configuration also installs PostgreSQL databases on the same server.

The installation process can take tens of minutes to complete. If you are connecting remotely to the system, use a utility such as tmux that allows suspending and reattaching a communication session so that you can check the installation progress in case you become disconnected from the remote system. If you lose connection to the shell where the installation command is running, see the log at /var/log/foreman-installer/satellite.log to determine if the process completed successfully.


  • Use the satellite-installer --scenario satellite --help command to display the available options and any default values. If you do not specify any values, the default values are used.
  • Specify a meaningful value for the option: --foreman-initial-organization. This can be your company name. An internal label that matches the value is also created and cannot be changed afterwards. If you do not specify a value, an organization called Default Organization with the label Default_Organization is created. You can rename the organization name but not the label.
  • By default, all configuration files configured by the installer are managed. When satellite-installer runs, it overwrites any manual changes to the managed files with the intended values. This means that running the installer on a broken system should restore it to working order, regardless of changes made. For more information on how to apply custom configuration on other services, see Applying Custom Configuration to Satellite.


  1. Enter the following command with any additional options that you want to use:

    # satellite-installer --scenario satellite \
    --foreman-initial-organization "My_Organization" \
    --foreman-initial-location "My_Location" \
    --foreman-initial-admin-username admin_user_name \
    --foreman-initial-admin-password admin_password

    The script displays its progress and writes logs to /var/log/foreman-installer/satellite.log.

3.10. Importing a Red Hat subscription manifest into Satellite Server

Use the following procedure to import a Red Hat subscription manifest into Satellite Server.


Simple Content Access (SCA) is set on the organization, not the manifest. Importing a manifest does not change your organization’s Simple Content Access status.



  1. In the Satellite web UI, ensure the context is set to the organization you want to use.
  2. In the Satellite web UI, navigate to Content > Subscriptions and click Manage Manifest.
  3. In the Manage Manifest window, click Choose File.
  4. Navigate to the location that contains the Red Hat subscription manifest file, then click Open.

CLI procedure

  1. Copy the Red Hat subscription manifest file from your local machine to Satellite Server:

    $ scp ~/
  2. Log in to Satellite Server as the root user and import the Red Hat subscription manifest file:

    # hammer subscription upload \
    --file ~/ \
    --organization "My_Organization"

You can now enable repositories and import Red Hat content. For more information, see Importing Content in Managing content.

Red Hat logoGithubRedditYoutubeTwitter


Try, buy, & sell


About Red Hat Documentation

We help Red Hat users innovate and achieve their goals with our products and services with content they can trust.

Making open source more inclusive

Red Hat is committed to replacing problematic language in our code, documentation, and web properties. For more details, see the Red Hat Blog.

About Red Hat

We deliver hardened solutions that make it easier for enterprises to work across platforms and environments, from the core datacenter to the network edge.

© 2024 Red Hat, Inc.