Chapter 4. Developer CLI Operations

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4.1. Overview

This topic provides information on the developer CLI operations and their syntax. You must setup and login with the CLI before you can perform these operations.

The developer CLI uses the oc command, and is used for project-level operations. This differs from the administrator CLI, which uses the oadm command for more advanced, administrator operations.

4.2. Common Operations

The developer CLI allows interaction with the various objects that are managed by OpenShift Enterprise. Many common oc operations are invoked using the following syntax:

$ oc <action> <object_type> <object_name>

This specifies:

  • An <action> to perform, such as get or describe.
  • The <object_type> to perform the action on, such as service or the abbreviated svc.
  • The <object_name> of the specified <object_type>.

For example, the oc get operation returns a complete list of services that are currently defined:

$ oc get svc
NAME              LABELS                                    SELECTOR                  IP              PORT(S)
docker-registry   docker-registry=default                   docker-registry=default   5000/TCP
kubernetes        component=apiserver,provider=kubernetes   <none>                443/TCP
kubernetes-ro     component=apiserver,provider=kubernetes   <none>                80/TCP

The oc describe operation can then be used to return detailed information about a specific object:

$ oc describe svc docker-registry
Name:			docker-registry
Labels:			docker-registry=default
Selector:		docker-registry=default
Port:			<unnamed>	5000/TCP
Session Affinity:	None
No events.

Versions of oc prior to did not have the ability to negotiate API versions against a server. So if you are using oc up to with a server that only supports v1 or higher versions of the API, make sure to pass --api-version in order to point the oc client to the correct API endpoint. For example: oc get svc --api-version=v1.

4.3. Object Types

The CLI supports the following object types, some of which have abbreviated syntax:

Object TypeAbbreviated Version





































4.4. Basic CLI Operations

The following table describes basic oc operations and their general syntax:

4.4.1. types

Display an introduction to some core OpenShift Enterprise concepts:

$ oc types

4.4.2. login

Log in to the OpenShift Enterprise server:

$ oc login

4.4.3. logout

End the current session:

$ oc logout

4.4.4. new-project

Create a new project:

$ oc new-project <project_name>

4.4.5. new-app

Creates a new application based on the source code in the current directory:

$ oc new-app .

4.4.6. status

Show an overview of the current project:

$ oc status

4.4.7. project

Switch to another project. Run without options to display the current project. To view all projects you have access to run oc projects. Run without options to display the current project. To view all projects you have access to run oc projects.

$ oc project <project_name>

4.5. Application Modification CLI Operations

4.5.1. get

Return a list of objects for the specified object type. If the optional <object_name> is included in the request, then the list of results is filtered by that value.

$ oc get <object_type> [<object_name>]

4.5.2. describe

Returns information about the specific object returned by the query. A specific <object_name> must be provided. The actual information that is available varies as described in object type.

$ oc describe <object_type> <object_name>

4.5.3. edit

Edit the desired object type:

$ oc edit <object_type>/<object_name>

Edit the desired object type with a specified text editor:

$ OC_EDITOR="<text_editor>" oc edit <object_type>/<object_name>

Edit the desired object in a specified format (eg: JSON):

$ oc edit <object_type>/<object_name> \
    --output-version=<object_type_version> \
    -o <object_type_format>

4.5.4. volume

Modify a volume:

$ oc volume <object_type>/<object_name> [--option]

4.5.5. label

Update the labels on a object:

$ oc label <object_type> <object_name> <label>

4.5.6. expose

Look up a service and expose it as a route. There is also the ability to expose a deployment configuration, replication controller, service, or pod as a new service on a specified port. If no labels are specified, the new object will re-use the labels from the object it exposes.

$ oc expose <object_type> <object_name>

4.5.7. delete

Delete the specified object. An object configuration can also be passed in through STDIN. The oc delete all -l <label> operation deletes all objects matching the specified <label>, including the replication controller so that pods are not re-created.

$ oc delete -f <file_path>
$ oc delete <object_type> <object_name>
$ oc delete <object_type> -l <label>
$ oc delete all -l <label>

4.6. Build and Deployment CLI Operations

One of the fundamental capabilities of OpenShift Enterprise is the ability to build applications into a container from source.

OpenShift Enterprise provides CLI access to inspect and manipulate deployment configurations using standard oc resource operations, such as get, create, and describe.

4.6.1. start-build

Manually start the build process with the specified build configuration file:

$ oc start-build <buildconfig_name>

Manually start the build process by specifying the name of a previous build as a starting point:

$ oc start-build --from-build=<build_name>

Manually start the build process by specifying either a configuration file or the name of a previous build and retrieve its build logs:

$ oc start-build --from-build=<build_name> --follow
$ oc start-build <buildconfig_name> --follow

Wait for a build to complete and exit with a non-zero return code if the build fails:

$ oc start-build --from-build=<build_name> --wait

Set or override environment variables for the current build without changing the build configuration. Alternatively, use -e.

$ oc start-build --env <var_name>=<value>

Set or override the default build log level output during the build:

$ oc start-build --build-loglevel [0-5]

Specify the source code commit identifier the build should use; requires a build based on a Git repository:

$ oc start-build --commit=<hash>

Re-run build with name <build_name>:

$ oc start-build --from-build=<build_name>

Archive <dir_name> and build with it as the binary input:

$ oc start-build --from-dir=<dir_name>

Use <file_name> as the binary input for the build. This file must be the only one in the build source. For example, pom.xml or Dockerfile.

$ oc start-build --from-file=<file_name>

The path to a local source code repository to use as the binary input for a build:

$ oc start-build --from-repo=<path_to_repo>

Specify a webhook URL for an existing build configuration to trigger:

$ oc start-build --from-webhook=<webhook_URL>

The contents of the post-receive hook to trigger a build:

$ oc start-build --git-post-receive=<contents>

The path to the Git repository for post-receive; defaults to the current directory:

$ oc start-build --git-repository=<path_to_repo>

List the webhooks for the specified build configuration or build; accepts all, generic, or github:

$ oc start-build --list-webhooks

4.6.2. deploy

View a deployment, or manually start, cancel, or retry a deployment:

$ oc deploy <deploymentconfig>

4.6.3. rollback

Perform a rollback:

$ oc rollback <deployment_name>

4.6.4. new-build

Create a build configuration based on the source code in the current Git repository (with a public remote) and a container image:

$ oc new-build .

4.6.5. cancel-build

Stop a build that is in progress:

$ oc cancel-build <build_name>

4.6.6. import-image

Import tag and image information from an external image repository:

$ oc import-image <image_stream>

4.6.7. scale

Set the number of desired replicas for a replication controller or a deployment configuration to the number of specified replicas:

$ oc scale <object_type> <object_name> --replicas=<#_of_replicas>

4.6.8. tag

Take an existing tag or image from an image stream, or a container image "pull spec", and set it as the most recent image for a tag in one or more other image streams:

$ oc tag <current_image> <image_stream>

4.7. Advanced Commands

4.7.1. create

Parse a configuration file and create one or more OpenShift Enterprise objects based on the file contents. The -f flag can be passed multiple times with different file or directory paths. When the flag is passed multiple times, oc create iterates through each one, creating the objects described in all of the indicated files. Any existing resources are ignored.

$ oc create -f <file_or_dir_path>

4.7.2. update

Attempt to modify an existing object based on the contents of the specified configuration file. The -f flag can be passed multiple times with different file or directory paths. When the flag is passed multiple times, oc update iterates through each one, updating the objects described in all of the indicated files.

$ oc update -f <file_or_dir_path>

4.7.3. process

Transform a project template into a project configuration file:

$ oc process -f <template_file_path>

4.7.4. run

Create and run a particular image, possibly replicated. Create a deployment configuration to manage the created container(s). You can choose to run in the foreground for an interactive container execution.

$ oc run NAME --image=<image> \
    [--port=<port>] \
    [--replicas=<replicas>] \
    [--dry-run=<bool>] \
    [--overrides=<inline-json>] \

4.7.5. export

Export resources to be used elsewhere:

$ oc export <object_type> [--options]

4.7.6. policy

Manage authorization policies:

$ oc policy [--options]

4.7.7. secrets

Configure secrets:

$ oc secrets [--options] path/to/ssh_key

4.7.8. autoscale

Setup an autoscaler for your application. Requires metrics to be enabled in the cluster. See Enabling Cluster Metrics for cluster administrator instructions, if needed.

$ oc autoscale dc/<dc_name> [--options]

4.8. Troubleshooting and Debugging CLI Operations

4.8.1. logs

Retrieve the log output for a specific build, deployment, or pod. This command works for builds, build configurations, deployment configurations, and pods.

$ oc logs -f <pod>

4.8.2. exec

Execute a command in an already-running container. You can optionally specify a container ID, otherwise it defaults to the first container.

$ oc exec <pod> [-c <container>] <command>

4.8.3. rsh

Open a remote shell session to a container:

$ oc rsh <pod>

4.8.4. rsync

Copy contents of local directory to a directory in an already-running pod container. It will default to the first container if none is specified.

$ oc rsync <local_dir> <pod>:<pod_dir> -c <container>

4.8.5. port-forward

Forward one or more local ports to a pod:

$ oc port-forward <pod> <local_port>:<remote_port>

4.8.6. proxy

Run a proxy to the Kubernetes API server:

$ oc proxy --port=<port> --www=<static_directory>

For security purposes, the oc exec command does not work when accessing privileged containers. Instead, administrators can SSH into a node host, then use the docker exec command on the desired container.

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